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  [일반] [엘지팩 목욕제품] 알리바바, 화장품 엘지 제품  게시글을 twitter로 보내기 게시글을 facebook으로 보내기 게시글을 카카오스토리로 보내기
write date : 2011-03-12 21:26:50   
  http://www.buycosmeticsonline.net/product/0/Lilly-Miller-05801000-Worry-Free-Moss-%26-Algae-Control-(12-Pack) / Hit:907
  http://marketplayground.com/forum/showthread.php/808-Algae-Information-Production-Methods-and-Terminology / Hit:869
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Algae Body Wrap

Algae Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : Body pack,algae body pack
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Remineralizing Body Wrap

Remineralizing Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : relaxing body pack,suppling mineral
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Thermo Body Wrap

Thermo Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : selfheating body pack
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  • Korea

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Algae Body Wrap

Algae Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : Body pack,algae body pack
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Wing Body Type Power Pack

Wing Body Type Power Pack
Company : Hydro-Tek.co.,Ltd
Keyword : Wing Body Type Power Pack,Auto Power Pack
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Remineralizing Body Wrap

Remineralizing Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : relaxing body pack,suppling mineral
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  • Korea

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Thermo Body Wrap

Thermo Body Wrap
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : selfheating body pack
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  • Korea

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Basic skin care products (Skin rejuvenating & Lifting Mask Pack)

Basic skin care products (Skin rejuvenating & Lifting Mask Pack)
Company : Caregen
Keyword : cosmetics,skin,body,care,lotion,essence,anti-aging,moisturizing,cream,mesotheraphy,pack
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  • Korea
  • Korea

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Basic skin & body care products (Skin rejuvenating & Lifting Serum)

Basic skin & body care products (Skin rejuvenating & Lifting Serum)
Company : Caregen
Keyword : cosmetics,skin,body,care,lotion,essence,anti-aging,moisturizing,cream,mesotheraphy,pack
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adhesive body warmer,heat pack,hot patch

adhesive body warmer,heat pack,hot patch
Company : Kunshan Aloha Industrial Co.,LTD.
Keyword : body warmer,heat pack,hot patch,hand warmer
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  • China
  • China
  • Origin : CN

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Basic skin & body care products (Mesotherapy)

Basic skin & body care products (Mesotherapy)
Company : Caregen
Keyword : cosmetics,skin,body,care,lotion,essence,anti-aging,moisturizing,cream,mesotheraphy,pack
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Basic skin & body care products (Celleju Mesotherapy)

Basic skin & body care products (Celleju Mesotherapy)
Company : Caregen
Keyword : cosmetics,skin,body,care,lotion,essence,anti-aging,moisturizing,cream,mesotheraphy,pack
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Wine Foot Packs

Wine Foot Packs
Company : KINSKIN Co., Ltd.
Keyword : foot care,foot pack,foot mask,body care
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  • Korea
  • Origin : KR

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Wine Hand packs

Wine Hand packs
Company : KINSKIN Co., Ltd.
Keyword : hand pack,hand care,hand mask,body care
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  • Korea
  • Origin : KR

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Crystal Line

Crystal Line
Company : Fussel Korea Co.,Ltd.
Keyword : Bath salt,Mud pack,Foot Cream,Facial mask pack,Body care,Beauty care,Body,Skin,Beauty
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MUD MASK & NECK & BODY PACK

MUD  MASK & NECK &  BODY  PACK
Company : Pico-Bio Co., Ltd
Keyword : Facial Mask Pack
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  • Korea
  • Korea
  • Origin : Korea

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Skincare

Skincare
Company : COSMAX INC.
Keyword : Skincare,Cleansing,Essence,Cream,Lotion,Conditioner,Pack
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  • Korea

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FIR(Far Infrared Ray) body protection pads

FIR(Far Infrared Ray) body protection pads
Company : E-TEC Internaional
Keyword : healthantan,electric appliances,heater,cremains pack
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  • Korea

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Self Tanning Wipe 30 Sheets/Pack

Self Tanning Wipe 30 Sheets/Pack
Company : DAOLIN CO., LTD.
Keyword : self tanning,tan,tissue,wipe,skin care,cosmetic,body
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Pure LOESS Facial Therapy Mask Pack

Pure LOESS Facial Therapy Mask Pack
Company : MIZZLE KOREA
Keyword : Facial Therapy Pack,Pack,cosmetics
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  • Korea

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Hwangto Facial Pack

Hwangto Facial Pack
Company : BIO & HNT INC.
Keyword : Face Pack,Facial Pack
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  • Korea

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Tricone Bit for Pile Construction

Tricone Bit for Pile Construction
Company : Buma CE., Ltd
Keyword : reverse circulation drilling machine,casing oscillator,power pack,roller cutter for rcd,machine
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  • Korea

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PPearl Salt Mask Pack

PPearl Salt Mask Pack
Company : Jeonnam Development Corp.
Keyword : Body salt,Beuty salt
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  • Korea
  • Korea

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Tricone Bit for Pile Construction

Tricone Bit for Pile Construction
Company : Buma CE., Ltd
Keyword : reverse circulation drilling machine,casing oscillator,power pack,roller cutter for rcd machine
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  • Korea

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Cool pack (Cool pack shose)

Cool pack (Cool pack shose)
Company : JINYANG
Keyword : hotpack,coolpack,jinyang,eye mask,milk bottle warmer
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  • Korea

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Herb Packs

Herb Packs
Company : Green Life
Keyword : Herb Packs
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Snow Crab Meat

Snow Crab Meat
Company : BLUE-IS INC.
Keyword : crabs
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YELLOW OCHER [ Loess ] PACK

YELLOW  OCHER  [ Loess ]  PACK
Company : Pico-Bio Co., Ltd
Keyword : Facial Mask Pack
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  • Korea
  • Korea
  • Origin : Korea

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Cool pack (Headache ice-band)

Cool pack (Headache ice-band)
Company : JINYANG
Keyword : hotpack,coolpack,jinyang,eye mask,milk bottle warmer
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Nutrient Repair Pack

Nutrient Repair Pack
Company : CARVER KOREA
Keyword : pack for skin,repair pack
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  • Korea

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Acrylic Stone

Acrylic Stone
Company : BEAUREX
Keyword : gem nail sticker,nail sticker,stone eyelids,body tattoo,acrylic stone,manicure kit
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Reusable hot and cold pack,ice pack, cool pad

Reusable hot and cold pack,ice pack, cool pad
Company : Shanghai Homesupport Gifts Co., Ltd
Keyword : hot and cold pack,hot and cold compress,ice pack,cold pack
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  • China
  • China
  • Origin : CN

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mud facial mask

mud facial mask
Company : charmgoodmud
Keyword : mud,facial pack,mineral,mask
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  • Korea
  • Origin : KR

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Reusable hot and cold pack, ice pack, cool pad

Reusable hot and cold pack, ice pack,  cool pad
Company : Shanghai Homesupport Gifts Co., Ltd
Keyword : hot and cold pack,ice pack,cold pack,hand warmer
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  • Origin : CN

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Acaci Cucumber Mask Sheet Pack

Acaci Cucumber Mask Sheet Pack
Company : CHAMOS COSMETIC CO.
Keyword : Pack,Makeup Preparation
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olive oli

olive oli
Company : BOLAK CO., LTD.
Keyword : olive oli
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  • Korea

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Cooling Vest

Cooling Vest
Company : ASITRA CORPORATION
Keyword : Cooling Vest
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Cooling Vest

Cooling Vest
Company : ASITRA CORPORATION
Keyword : Cooling Vest
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Plastic Coatings

Plastic Coatings
Company : KDK AUTOMOTIVE COATINGS COMPANY LIMITED
Keyword : Plastic Coatings
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  • Korea

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16 Hour-long Hot Pack

16 Hour-long Hot Pack
Company : INNTOP CO., LTD.
Keyword : hot pack
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  • Korea
  • Korea

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colored pencil

colored pencil
Company : BOSUNG IND CO., LTD
Keyword : colored pencil
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  • Korea
  • Korea

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Hot and cold pack, ice mat, pet cushion, ice pad

Hot and cold pack, ice mat, pet cushion, ice pad
Company : Shanghai Homesupport Gifts Co., Ltd
Keyword : hot and cold pack,pet ice mat,pet cushion,ice pad
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  • China
  • China
  • Origin : CN

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Serion 3 Sheet Type Mask pack

Serion 3 Sheet Type Mask pack
Company : WAU Trading Corporation
Keyword : Mask,facial,cosmetic
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Gift parcels - BOHEMIA

 COSMETICS

Gift pack for beloved mother-in-law

gift shower gel 300 ml + bath foam 500 ml

Gift packs with hand made soap

gift shower shampoo 300 ml + hand made soap
  • for grandmother
  • for grandfather
  • for my mum
Urban´s shower shampoo 300 ml + hand made soap
The labels were created in cooperation with drawer Mr. Petr Urban.
  • for fisherman
  • for chef
  • for fireman
  • for real man
  • for huntsman
  • for sportsman
Gift packs for children
cosmetics with active yoghurt components
  • kid´s yoghurt shower gel 300 ml + hand made soap
  • kid´s yoghurt shower gel 300 ml + bath foam 500 ml

Gift pack of cosmetics for children - four-leaf clover

Hair shampoo 300 ml + shower gel 300 ml

Gift pack of cosmetics for children - four-leaf clover

Hair shampoo 300 ml + bath foam 500 ml

Gift pack of cosmetics Pat and Mat

hair shampoo 300 ml + shower gel 300 ml

Gift pack of cosmetics Pat and Mat

hair shampoo 300 ml + oil bath 500 ml
You can find other gift pack in sections beer cosmetics, milk cosmetics, grape cosmetics and natural cosmetics BOHEMIA NATUR.
===============

Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack)

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 - Pond Algae Control

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 - Pond Algae Control

Supplier: Pet Mountain

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Helps Control Algae Growth in Ornamental Water Fountains,Controls algae growth in ornamental water fountains. Helps clear cloudy water. Also great for preventing algae growth. Not recommended for use in fountains with live plants. For best results, place Fountain Block in direct circulation where water is active. For regular maintenance, replace block when fully... [more info]

Visit Pet Mountain for more information about this product !
Fountain Block - Algae Control - 6 pack

Fountain Block - Algae Control - 6 pack

Supplier: GregRobert Pet Supplies

Controls algae growth in ornamental water fountains. Helps clear cloudy water. Also great for preventing algae growth. For regular maintenance,... [See Reviews of Fountain Block - Algae Control - 6 pack.]
Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106

Supplier: Linens N Things

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Helps Control Algae Growth in Ornamental Water Fountains,Controls algae growth in ornamental water fountains. Helps clear... [See Reviews of Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106.]
Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 - Algae Control

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 - Algae Control

Supplier: Linens 'N Things

Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 Jungle Labs Fountain Block Helps Control Algae Growth in Ornamental Water Fountains,Controls... [See Reviews of Jungle Labs Fountain Block Algae Control: 6 Pack #FB106 - Algae Control.]
Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack)

Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack) Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack) Features: Provides Chelated Iron,... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack).]
Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait

Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait Features: Can be used around... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait.]
Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait

Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait Features: Can be used around... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 08801081 Worry Free Ferramol Slug & Snail Bait.]
Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack)

Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack) Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack) Features: Works... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack).]
Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack)

Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack) Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack) Features: Provides Chelated Iron,... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 09602230 Vitamin B1 Plant Starter (4 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Features: Controls green water and string algae... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack) Controls green water and string algae. Effectively combats algae blooms, string and hair algae and... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Features: Effective at combating algae blooms, string... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Features: Controls green water and string algae... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77187 16.9 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack) DonAAAt allow disease to cover your lawn in unsightly brown spots and... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) Features: Used to control... [See Reviews of VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack).]
Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack)

Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack) Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack) Features: Works... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 05801000 Worry Free Moss & Algae Control (12 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack) GreenClean Granular works through oxidation, breaking down algae cells on contact.... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack).]
Lilly Miller 05601060 4 Lbs Moss Out! For Roofs & Structures Dry Formula (12 Pack)

Lilly Miller 05601060 4 Lbs Moss Out! For Roofs & Structures Dry Formula (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 05601060 4 Lbs Moss Out! For Roofs & Structures Dry Formula (12 Pack) Lilly Miller 05601060 4 Lbs Moss Out! For Roofs & Structures Dry... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 05601060 4 Lbs Moss Out! For Roofs & Structures Dry Formula (12 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack) Controls green water and string algae. Effectively combats algae blooms, string and hair algae and... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77186 8.4 Oz Algae Control (12 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) Features: Used to control... [See Reviews of VPG Fertilome 31330F 8 Oz 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack).]
Lilly Miller 09603091 27 Oz Hose N Go Moss Out Roofs & Walks (12 Pack)

Lilly Miller 09603091 27 Oz Hose 'N Go Moss Out Roofs & Walks (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Lilly Miller 09603091 27 Oz Hose N Go Moss Out Roofs & Walks (12 Pack) Lilly Miller 09603091 27 Oz Hose N Go Moss Out Roofs & Walks (12 Pack)... [See Reviews of Lilly Miller 09603091 27 Oz Hose 'N Go Moss Out Roofs & Walks (12 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack) Dont allow disease to cover your lawn in unsightly brown spots and... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-160-13 13 Lb TerraCyte Moss and Algae Control, (4 Pack).]
Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack) Features: Effective at combating algae blooms, string... [See Reviews of Tetra Pond 77189 33.8 Oz Algae Control (6 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack) GreenClean Granular works through oxidation, breaking down algae cells on... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack) GreenClean Granular works through oxidation, breaking down algae cells on contact.... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-110-8 8 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (4 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) Features: Used to control... [See Reviews of VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) Features: Used to control... [See Reviews of VPG Fertilome 31331F 1 Pint 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack).]
Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack)

Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack) GreenClean Granular works through oxidation, breaking down algae cells on... [See Reviews of Biosafe Systems HG-110-2 2 Lbs Green Clean Algae Control, (12 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

Supplier: PlumberSurplus.com

VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack) Features: Used to control... [See Reviews of VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack).]
VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

VPG Fertilome 31332F 1 Quart 38 Plus Insect Control (12 Pack)

 
=================
  1. #1
    BEHL Moderator Phaeton's Avatar
    Join Date
    May 2010
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    2,726

    Algae Information, Production, Methods, and Terminology

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    Registration is FREE!
    The term "Algae" comes from the latin word for "seaweed", and means a large, diverse, group of simple, typically autotrophic organisms, ranging from unicellular to multicellular forms. Multicellular forms (like seaweed and kelp) are Macroalgae. Unicellular forms are Microalgae, Cyanobacteria, or most Diatoms. Algae have been around on earth for almost 4 billion years.

    The word 'Algae' is plural (i.e... "Algae are among..."). 'Alga' is the latin word for a particular seaweed but adopted as the singular form of 'algae'. The term 'Algae' is technically restricted to "eukaryotic organisms". Algae are identified by various 'strains' for product production.

    The modern scientific study of algae is called Phycology (pronounced ' fi-ca-lo-ge '), a branch of life science and subdiscipline of botany. Scientist in the field are Phycologist involved in scientific study, experimentation, testing, research, growth, production and quality control for general and focused Microalgal Biotechnology applications.

    Algae lack many distinct organs or structures characterizing land plants, such as leaves and rhizoids in nonvascular plants, or leaves, roots, and other structures in vascular plants. Many are photoautotrophic, some groups contain members that are mixotrophic and derive energy both from photosynthesis and uptake of organic carbon either by osmotrophy, myzotrophy, or phagotrophy.

    Photosynthesis comes from the the Greek words for "photo" meaning "light" and "synthesis" meaning "putting together". This is an algae internal bioprocess, using sunlight + water + carbon dioxide (CO2), manufacturing sugars and releasing oxygen (O2) as a waste by-product. Sunlight is the energy source. Sugars produced are used for Proteins (like pigments), DNA, Lipids (oil), and more complex sugars. The photosynthetic process allows algae to make a wide range of products. Nearly all algae have photosynthetic capability derived from Cyanobacteria and much known about photosynthesis was discovered by studying the green algae Chlorella.


    Algae Types

    Microalgae: Microscopic algae are a unicellular species existing individually, or in chains or groups. Microalgae cell sizes range from a few μm to a few hundreds of μm.

    Cyanobacteria: Type of unicellular prokaryotic bacteria obtaining energy via photosynthesis, previously known as blue-green algae but now known more correctly as blue-green bacteria or Cyanophyta. "Cyanobacteria" comes from the Greek kyanós in reference to the blue-green color. Cyanobacteria cell size is about 1 μm in size.

    Macroalgae: Multicellular algae commonly refered to by the loose term "seaweed", and includes some members of red, brown and green algae.

    Diatom: A major group of (most are unicellular) algae, one of the most common types of phytoplankton, and can exist individually or in colonies. Diatoms generally range in size from 2-200 μm.

    Algae Cell Structure: Green algae create discrete structures with specific functions and have a double membrane bound nucleus or nuclei. The prokaryotic cells of cyanobacteria contain no nucleus or other membrane bound organelles. Most diatoms are unicellular and are composed of a cell wall comprising silica. In unicellular types the cell is the algae body. In multicellular types the cell is the building block from which the algae is made.


    Algae Colors

    Algae are usually identified with the color green, but actually occur in a great variety of colors and hues depending on the kind of algae and in some cases the way they are grown. Colors are pigment molecules within algae cells and although pigments occur in many colors there are three major pigment categories:
    Chlorophylls: green
    Carotenoids: red, orange, yellow, amber, or brown
    Phycobilins: iridescent red or blue
    Algae color can change with growth conditions or stress. Color change can indicate a desired product being manufactured by the algae. In algae production stressing growth conditions is used to produce some products (Example: Astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae). At low light intensity some algae produce more light absorbing pigments to improve photosynthesis efficiency. At very high light intensity some algae produce high concentrations of “sun screen” pigments to protect cell interiors from exposure to excess ultraviolet and blue light. Chromatic adaptation in algae is adaptation to different wave lengths (frequency) of light by changing their relative amount of various pigments. This adaptation allows algae cells to maximize light absorbance for photosynthesis. A few algae subjected to one color of light express the complimentary color. Carotenoids and Chlorophylls are fat/oil soluble (hydrophobic), Phycobilins are water soluable. Something that sets algae apart from higher plants is ketocarotenoids. Higher plants synthesize carotenoids, with exception of a few higher plant anomaly's they do not possess the ability to form ketocarotenoids which are important for some algae extracts like Astaxanthin. "Ketocarotenoid" is a general term for "keto group" which is carotenoid pigments in groups.


    Algae Uses

    Broadly, algae and/or their extracts are used in foods, dietary supplements, beverages, confections, cosmetics, medical care and research, biological research, pharmaceuticals, personal care, nutraceutical, biofuels, bioplastics, biofertilizers, textiles, chemicals, therapeutic drugs, diagnostic tools, nanotechnology, pet and animal/ fish care and feeds, fungicides, bactericides, pesticides, and other products and industries. Chances are almost 70% of foods, beverages, cosmetics, personal care, pet care, etc... items in an average shoppers cart have algae ingredients.

    Algae products for consumers, packaging, and storage

    The amount or type of product varies according to the strain used and parameters. End consumer products are supplied dry, powdered, beads, tablet, capsule, crushed, ground, granular, liquid (suspended or soluble), oils, oleoresin, flaked or raw, biomass unprocessed may be supplied. Drum or barrel containers they are refered to 'per drum' or 'per barrel, Drum, barrel, or bulk storage and shipping packaging methods vary. For storage, sealed oxygen barrier containers are recommended with an inert form of gas such as nitrogen used as a "cap" in the container. Long term or bulk storage is in cool dry temperature controlled environments, reasonable temporary periods outside of such storage does not affect integrity of most algae products. Some algae products need continous temperature controlled environments or special storage, packaging, or handling to ensure product integrity. Algae products are organic and all natural.


    General Algae Industry Information

    Algae company's closely guard information. Disclosing information could lead to competetive edge loss and exposure of proprietary information, and processes. Some companies have their own specialized proprietary strains cultured for their own products. Its not unusual for information to be prohibited from disclosure by contract, non-disclosure agreements, or other agreements.

    You can see information for some algae products at:
    Phycocyanin & Astaxanthin facts and Information
    Chlorella & Spirulina Facts and Information
    BioCentric Energy (BEHL) & The Algae Revolution

    Additional algae information is provided at:
    General alage information
    General items of Ecological and Commercial importance involving algae
    Main algae groups
    Last edited by Phaeton; 11-29-2010 at 01:37 PM.

  2. #2
    BEHL Moderator Phaeton's Avatar
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    Phycocyanin & Astaxanthin facts and Information


    Phycocyanin (pronounced: 'fi-co-ci-an-in') is a natural blue pigment extraction from Spirulina blue-green Cyanobacteria microalgae. Its a Phycobiliprotein (Phycocyanobilin also known as phycobiliverdin) which is water soluble and can't exist within cell membrane, it forms as a cluster called a phycobilisome on the cell membrane. Phycocyanin is related to the human pigment bilirubin, which is important to healthy liver function and digestion of amino acids. The name Phycocyanin is from the Greek word 'phyco' meaning “algae” and cyanin is from the English word “cyan", which is derived from the Greek “kyanós", and means blue-green.

    Phycocyanin production and yield approximation information

    Phycocyanin production yield is generally calculated based on grams of Phycocyanin per 10 grams of algae, unoptimized production yield baseline estimate is in the 10% to 20% range. Parameter optimization in PBR systems can yield Phycocyanin at ~20% to ~25%. Most present algae company's providing Phycocyanin yield at ~12% to ~15% or lower (sometimes a little more).

    Phycocyanin use, pricing, market, and characteristics information

    Phycocyanin ranges in price depending on grade (food grade to analytical grade) of approximately $500.00 KG to $100,000.00 per gram in different purity levels within the grade range. Phycocyanin is used in foods, beverages, confections, cosmetics, medical care and research, biological research, pharmaceuticals, health products, personal care products, nutraceutical products, and other products and industries. It is, a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, highly beneficial, very valuable in the health and beauty industries, and has been approved by the FDA.

    Phycobiliproteins are actually highly sensitive fluorescent dyes. They are used in medicine for detection of cancer, to screen blood for AIDS, monitor blood drug levels, immunological diagnostics, and provide for quick diagnosis of several diseases in a single sample. Phycocyanin, when purified, is fluorescent, stable, and water soluble. The advantages of Phycocyanin are, high water solubility, extra ordinarily photo stable, stability over a broad pH Range, good instrument compatibility, excellent fluorescence with extremely high absorbtivity, large stokes shift and excitation with emission bands at visible wavelength. and is 100 times more sensitive than other organic flurophores. These make it a desired choice in medical research and diagnosis, Histochemistry, FRET assays, Fluorescence microscopy, Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS), Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization (FISH), Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (FCS), labeling of proteins -antibodies - nucleic acids.

    Purity of Phycocyanin is evaluated using the absorbance ratio of 620/280 (expressed as 'A620/A280'), where:
    • FOOD GRADE (Purity A620/A280 ≥ .07) - lowest grade (some Phycocyanin suppliers use Purity A620/A280 ≥ .05 for the food grade)
    • REACTIVE GRADE (Purity A620/A280 ≥ 3.9) - middle grade
    • ANALYTICAL GRADE (Purity A620/A280 ≥ 4) - highest grade
    Phycocyanin is oderless, water soluable, has a slight sweetness taste, and is a brilliant blue color. Purified forms are C-Phycocyanin (coloring grade - synonyms used: Phycocyanin C, or C-PC) and R-Phycocyanin (reagent grade - synonyms used: Phycocyanin R, or R-PC). Crude powder can appear a rich dark blue color and retains health and use benefits. Primary colors used in foods are blue, red, and yellow, blue is used to alter color or make other appealing colors. A treatment with an organic solvent denatures and percipitates Phycocyanin to obtain a water proof blue pigment used in cosmetic eye shadow, eye liner, and lipstick, which does not run when wet by water or sweat. Phycocyanin used in pharmaceutical, medical, or research, fields demand a purity ratio of A620/A280 ≥ 4, the cosmetic and food industry's demand a purity ratio of A620/A280 ≥ 2. Analytical grade is sometimes refered to as 'Medical' or 'Research' grade.









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    Astaxanthin is pronounced: 'Asta - zan - thin' , some pronouce it as 'Asta - zhan - teen', and some pronounce it as 'As-tuh-Zan-thin'. It occurs naturally in Haematococcus (pronounced: Ha-mat-a-ca-cus) pluvialis green microalgae, Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (formerly Phaffia rhodozyma yeast), micro-organisms (Agrobacterium aurantiacum), and in a few higher plant anomaly's (Adonis aestivalis) with very low amounts. The highest natural concentration of any other source is from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae. Astaxanthin is one of a group of natural pigments known as carotenoids, and is a ketocarotenoid oxidized from b-carotene. Chemically, Astaxanthin is known as 3,3'-Dihydroxy-b,b-carotene-4,4'-dione.

    Astaxanthin production and yield approximation information

    Astaxanthin occurs in Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae at ~40,000 parts per million (ppm) for dry biomass but greater amounts are possible. Unoptimized production yield baseline estimate is ~4% (~40 grams of Astaxanthin from one kg of dry biomass). Parameter optimization in PBR systems can yield more than baseline. Astaxanthin Oleoresin baseline yield is typically ~3 kg of oleoresin per ~10 kg of dried biomass. Oleoresin can have up to ~10% concentration or greater. Astaxanthin provides the advantage of population doubling every week, which simplifies scaling up production. When a specific inhibitor of cell division is applied, a massive accumulation of astaxanthin occurs; With this method, Astaxanthin production begins and haematococcus cells change from small motile biflagellate green cells to large non-motile resting cells and Haematococcus cell growth stops, Astaxanthin then replicates rapidly with far less dependance on other factors such as sunlight and conditions are made optimal for Astaxanthin production.

    Astaxanthin use, pricing, market, and characteristics information

    Haematococcus pluvialis Astaxanthin has been approved by the FDA, consist entirely of natural isomers, is bio-available for human use, and sells for up to ~ $7000.00/Kg. Astaxanthin can be produced synthetically, however, the synthetic is made from petro chemicals, not approved for human use by the FDA, does not consist chemically of natural isomer form, and is not bio-available for human use.

    Astaxanthin research supports that due to its potent antioxidant abilities it may be beneficial in cardiovascular, immune, inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Research also supports that Astaxanthin protects body tissues from oxidative damage, and has potential use as an anti-cancer agent. Astaxanthin markets involve food, beverage, confections, health, nutraceutical, beverage, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, other products and industries, as a feed additive for the poultry industry Astaxanthin increases DHA 2 to 4 times in eggs. Due to its potent antioxidant abilitites it has become essential and very valuable in the cosmetic, nutraceuticals, and food industries. In cosmetics, Astaxanthin is used as a photo-protectant to prevent aging of skin from UV irradiation exposure, an antioxidant, a stabilizer, and to supress skin hyper-pigmentation.

    Astaxanthin color is red to dark red. Marketed as a direct ingestion dietary supplement it may appear as a dry "meal" of red to dark red flakes (sometimes refered to as 'cracked') and usually has at least 2% Astaxanthin or higher, as a dietary supplement perservatives are usually added but are not always necessary. The raw form appears dull dark red, and is generally produced by crushing. Astaxanthin Oleoresin is viscous and dark red. Common end consumer forms may be tablets, capsules, beads, gel-caps (generally containing a diluted extract), wafers, creams, powdered, and in some cases as oleoresin, with varying degrees of concentrations. Astaxanthin is not water soluble and forms a suspension. Powdered form is supplied to direct ingestion end consumers commonly at ~1% to ~2% concentration with greater concentrations available. Astaxanthin Oleoresin is normally supplied in 5% and 10% concentrations, other concentrations are possible.





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